Ever wondered what the famous river Rhine is all about? Then be welcome to read more. The river rhine or the eternal river is one of the biggest rivers in Europe. Traditionally, it has its spring in the Swiss Canton of Graubuenden, in the Toma Lake just below the Sankt Gotthard mountain building the anterior Rhine. Another 13 source brooks form the posterior Rhine. At the Swiss town of Tamins both anterior and posterior Rhine form the Alpine Rhine.
Over a distance of 1,232.7 km the river Rhine connects the Alps with Central and Western Europe. On its course the river forms the Swiss border to Liechtenstein and to Austria, the Franco-German border and continues to flow through Germany and The Netherlands to end its course in the Greater Rotterdam Area where most of its estuary run into the North Sea.
Quite a number of medium-sized, large and important inland ports lie along the Rhine, performing a great job for freight transport and handling of goods in the inland. Furthermore, these inland ports with their terminal services are most important for the hinterland traffic of the so-called ZARA Ports (Antwerpen-Zeebrugge, Rotterdam and Amsterdam. Even for the German North Sea ports the Rhine is of great importance. Link: List of German Inland Ports upon the Rhine. Link: Most Important Inland Ports upon the Rhine
The economical function apart, the river Rhine is also important for recreation, tourism and transport in general and substantial water source.
The river Rhine is the second-longest river in Central and Western Europe, after the Danube which runs over a distance of 2,145 km.
The Middle Rhine was declared World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 2002.
In the Swiss Town of Tamin anterior and posterior Rhine join to form the Alpine Rhine (Rhine proper). In Switzerland the river Rhine forms three sections which are Alpine Rhine, Lake Rhine and High Rhine. The Lake Rhine is where the Rhine runs through Lake Constance (Obersee) leaving at Untersee. The course through Lake Constance is only 4 km long. After leaving the Untersee, the Lake Rhine passes through Constance and the middle of the Old Constance Rhine is where Rhine kilometer 0 (zero) begins. The High Rhine begins at Stein upon Rhein. At Schaffhausen the Rhine forms the famous Rhine Falls. After the falls the Rhine continues to Basel thereby forming the Swiss-German border. From the town of Rheinfelden the Rhine is navigable. Also at Rheinfelden, the Upper Rhine begins, ending at Basel after a run of 170 km. In Basel is the first major inland port at the Rhine.
Between Basel and the Dutch-German border at Emmerich the Rhine covers a distance of 696 km navigable waterway. Along the Rhine lie a large number of important medium-sized and large inland ports of which Duisburg is, by far, the largest on the Rhine and in the whole of Europe. The rivers Main, Mosel, Lahn and Ruhr joyn the Rhine in its course. Canal waterways connect the Rhine with the river Danube (Rhine-Main-Danube Canal) and with the Black Sea and other canal waterways connect the Rhine with the German ports in the North Sea and with the Baltic Sea.
In The Netherlands the river Rhine finishes its run, flowing into the North Sea. Beginning at the Dutch-German border the Rhine forms its huge estuary consisting of the delta distributaries Nederrijn, Ijssel and Lek, Waal and Noord, Nieuwe Maas, Oude Maas, Nieuwe Mervede and Beneden Mervede, Hollands Diep and Haringvliet. In the Greater Rotterdam area the Rhine flows into the North Sea. Large canals connect the Rhine with the Scheldt estuary which itself connects Antwerp to the North Sea.
Only from Basel the Rhine is really important for inland navigation. Between the Swiss-German border at Basel (Rhine km 170) and up north towards the Dutch-German border at the town of Emmerich (Rhine km 865,51) over stretch of 695,51 km the river Rhine is the longest German waterway, the most busy waterway in Germany and Europe and one of the most busy waterways in the world.
Registered in: Rotterdam
Call Sign: PC5205
Long: 40,00 m
Wide: 15,00 m
Draft: 1,75 m
Tonnage: 185 t
Engine Performance: 3 x 1850 PS
Engine: 3 x Mak 8 M20
Year of Construction: 1998
built in: NL
shipyard: De Biesbosch, Dordrecht
Registered in: Rotterdam
Call Sign: PA2806
Long: 35,00 m
Wide: 13,00 m
Draft: 1,805 m
Tonnage: 140 t
Performance: 3 x 15210 PS
Engines: 3 x Caterpillar 3512 C
Year of Construction: 1978
buiult in: NL
shipyard: De Biesbosch, Dordrecht, Baunummer: 688
Even the Romans knew that there is no proper inland navigation without ports. Therefore, quite a number of inland ports is lined up on both banks of the river Rhine in Germany and in The Netherlands, with Rotterdam having the majority of Terminals. Still Duisburg does have the larges inland port in Europe. The important German inland ports are listed below:
At Rhine Km 997,43 the port facilities of Rotterdam begin, at first on left banks and later on both banks of the river until the Rhine runs into the North Sea at Hoek van Holland (right bank) at Rhine Km 1034,50. The Rhine estuary has enormous dimensions, and quite a number of differently named river sections.