The Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis)

 

 

The barnacle goose is a medium-sized goose that belongs to the genus branta and is a species breeding in the arctic circle. The breeding distribution of the Barnacle Goose encompasses a range starting on W Greenland over to Iceland and stretching across the North and West of Europe including Svalbard (Spitsbergen), Norway, the Bear Island and the northern Russian coast. The greates number of Barnacle Goose breed on the Russion Barents Sea coast. There are further breeding populations established more to the South in Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands.

 

Northeast Greenland and Iceland populations winter on the Irish and Scottish west coast; Svalbard and Norway populations winter on the Solvay Firth in the United Kingdom (Scotland), whereas the Russian populations from Novaya Zemlya and the Barents Sea coast winter in the Wadden Sea in Germany and the Netherlands and also inlands on the European Northwest continent in the Netherlands and Germany.

 

Voice: Usually note a rapidly repeated barking "gnuk".

 

Habitat: In Winter inlands, grasslands, preferring salt marshes, grass fields near estuaries, tidal mud-flats, small grass-topped islands. Breeds colonially, usual  on ledges of steep arctic cliffs, rocky river gorges and hillsides, sometimes in the open tundra.

 

 

barnacle geese branta leucopsis
A troop of barnacle geese feeding on the meadows behind the dyke
barnacle goose branta leucopais
Barnacle geese amidst a troop of Greater White-fronted Geese
barnacle goose branta leucopsis
Barnacle geese together with Greater White-fronted Geese

barnacle goose branta leucopsis
Barnacle Geese feeding on greenland
banrnacle geese branta leucopsis
Barnacle geese feeding on greenland
barnacle goose branta leucopsis
Barnacle geese feeding on greenland

barnacle goose feeding on greenlands
Barnacle Goose feeding on greenlands
barnacle goose feeding on earthworm
A Barnacle Goose caught an earthworm

 

References - Further Reading

 

Bauer, Hans-Günther, Bezzel, Einhard et. al. (HG), Kompendium der Vögel Mitteleuropas, Band 1, Sonderausgabe 2012, Aula Verlag, Wiebelsheim

Bauer, Hans-Günther, Bezzel, Einhard et. al. (HG), Kompendium der Vögel Mitteleuropas, Band 3, Literatur und Anhang, Aula Verlag Wiebelsheim, 2. vollständig überarbeitete Auflage 1993

Bezzel, Einhard, Kompendium der Vögel Mitteleuropas, Non-Passeriformes, Band 1, Aula Verlag Wiesbaden, 1985

Bruun/Singer/König, Der Kosmos Vogelführer, Franck'sche Verlagshandlung Stuttgart, 5. Auflage 1982

Glutz von Blotzheim, Urs et. al (HG), Handbuch der Vögel Mitteleuropas, Band 2, Anseriformes (1. Teil), Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden, 1979, Nachdruck der Auflage von 1968

Reeber, Sébastien, Wildfowl of Europe, Asia and North America, Christopher Helm London, 2015

Svenson, Lars et. al, Der Kosmos Vogelführer, Franck-Kosmos Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart, 2. Auflage 2011

Svenson, Lars, Mullarney, Killian et al, Collins Bird Guide: The Most Complete Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europa, HarperCollins Glasgow, Second Edition 2010

Uspenski, S.M. Dr. habil, Die Wildgänse Nordeurasiens, Die Neue Brehm Bücherei, Band 352, A. Ziemsen Verlag Wittenberg Lutherstadt, 1965

 

Bundesamt für Naturschutz: Nationaler Vogelschutzbericht 2019 gemäß Artikel 12 Vogelschutzrichtlinie, Berichtsdaten aus dem Abschnitt O...Roh Wintergäste (pdf download)

 

 


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