The European Greenfinch is a songbird of the finches family (Fringillidae) and a common breeding bird in most of Europe, whith the exception to subarctic zones in the northernmost parts of Europe and Iceland.
Like all finches the Greenfinch has a large conical, pointed bill. It has a stout body and head. The bill of the Greenfinch varies between pale pink and ivory. In flight we can easily identify the Greenfinch by the yellow edges to its primaries, whereas on the folded wing the primaries form a yellow stripe. The underparts are yellowish-green with the male Greenfinch. Sexes are dissimilar and the female Greenfinch has dull greyish-brown colours on mantle and back and more brownish crown, cheeks and neck.
The European Greenfinch is a breeding bird in a variety of habitats such as woodland edges to open country, wooded pastures, copses, bushy areas, parks, parklands, urban areas, gardens, graveyards and also in any kind of green yards. One can certainly say that the Greenfinch is a typical synanthopic bird that follows humans though they remain rather shy. Greenfinches like to feed on the ground but also attends to bird tables.
Order: Passerines (Passeriformes)
Art: European Greenfinch
Scientific Name: Carduelis [chloris] chloris
Name in German: Grünfink
Name in Czech: Zvonek zelený
Name in Slovak: Zelienka obyčajná
Name in Hungarian: Zöldike
Name in Croat: Zelendur
Name in French: Verdier d'Europe
Name in Spanish: Verderón Común
Name in Portuguese: Verdilhão-comum
Name in Italian: Verdone
Name in Dutch: Groenling
Name in Finish: Viherpeippo
Name in Norwegian: Grønnfink
Name in Danish: Grønirisk
Name in Swedish: Grönfink
Name in Polnisch: Dzwoniec
Name in Russian: Обыкновенная зеленушка
Name in Greek: (Ευρωπαϊκός) Φλώρος, Λουλουδάς , Φλώρος
Name in Turkey: Florya