Laggar Falcon (Falco jugger)



The Laggar Falcon is a medium sized, slender falcon of the Falco genus. It is also known under the names as Luggar Falcon or simply as Jugger, the latter being derived from the Hindi "jugger" which means no more than falcon.


This Indomalayan falcon ist a native to the Indian subcontinent, but nowadays more rare than common. It is distributed from southeast Iran, southeast Afghanistan and Pakistian to India and from there up to the Himalayan foothills, and further to Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and northwest Burma.


In Europe and the arabic countries the Laggar Falcon might be kept by falconers and in falconry stations either for hunting or for breeding programmes.


laggar falcon
Laggar Falcon - source: Carlos Aranguiz/agency iStock


Description - Characteristics: Laggar Falcon


Breeding – Clutch – Measurements – Habitat – Diet - Threats



Order: Falconiformes

Family: Falconidae

Genus: Falco

Species: Laggar Falcon


Scientific Name: Falco jugger


Names and Synonyms of the Laggar Falcon


Name in German: Laggarfalke

Name in Czech: Raroh lagar

Name in Slovak: Sokol lagar

Name in Hungarian: Indiai sólyom

Name in French: Faucon laggar

Name in Spanish: Halcón Yággar

Name in Portuguese: Falcão-lágar

Name in Dutch: Indische Lannervalk

Name in Italian: Falco laggar

Name in Finnish: Intianjalohaukka

Name in Danish: Laggarfalk

Name in Swedish: Juggerfalk

Name in Polish: Raróg indyjski

Name in Russian: Лаггар

Name in Turkey: Lagger Doğanı

Name in Nepali: लागर बाज

Name in Bengali: লজ্ঞর শাহিন

Name in Kazakh: Лаггар

Name in Persian: شاهین بلوچی


Characteristics of the Laggar Falcon


Distribution: Indomalayan, rare in some parts of the area; Indian subcontinent, southeast Iran, southeast Afghanistan, Pakistan, throughout India, Himalayan foothills, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, northwest Burma.


Movements: Sedentary in general, partially migration to India.


Habitat: dry zones, dry open woodland, open countr, scattered with trees, semi-deserts, scrub plains, cultivated zones and areas, often on the edges of villages, also in town centres; up to sea-levels of 1,000 m, max 1980 m in Nepal.


Behaviour: solitary and often in pairs.




Size: 39-46 cm

Tail: 16-21 cm

♂: 164-183 mm

♀: 1169-210 mm

Weight: 525-850 g

Wingspan: 88-107 cm


Voice: Mostly silent, except for breeding season, then uttering prolonged shrill “whi-ee-ee” or similar.




Maturity: no records available.

Mating Season: probably before begin of breeding season.


Clutches per breeding season1 clutch

Breeding: from January to April, also from February to May in the northern range.


Nest: Old stick nests of crows, no material is added to the platform, sits in trees or on cliff ledges.


egg of laggar falcon
Egg of the Laggar Falcon - source: Von Didier Descouens - Eigenes Werk, CC BY-SA 3.0,


Clutch: (2-) 3-4 (rarely -5) eggs

Eggs: creme-coloured broad oval egg with speckles and stains.


Recurrent Clutch: possibly when clutch is lost in the early days.


Incubation: no records available, though it might take c. 30 days on average.


Fledging: no records available, assumable about 32-39 days, similar to other falcons of the same size.


Dependency: No recorded data available, though assumable a short period lasting a couple of weeks.





Food: birds, lizards, small mammals (rodents, bats); orthopterans, beetles, large insects. Pairs hunt together co-ordinating their movements.


Longevity: no records available.


Mortality: unknown.


Threats: Lack of food, loss of habitat.